Gujarat, Gujarat Cities, Gujarat Tour

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Dwaraka
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Mandvi
Modhera
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Cities in Gujarat
Cities in Gujarat

The state of Gujarat is made up of three main areas. The eastern region includes the major cities of Ahmedabad, Surat, and Vadodara (Baroda). The Kathiawar peninsula, also known as Saurashtra, is the coastal plain that is divided from the mainland by the Gulf of Cambay. The Kutch area, separated from Saurashtra by the Gulf of Kutch is an island, that is cut off from the rest of Gujarat to the east and Pakistan to the north by the low lying deserts. Some of the major cities of Gujarat like Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Rajkot, Bhavnagar and Bhuj are linked to Mumbai, Delhi and various other cities in India.

 
Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad, also known as Amdavad is the largest city of Gujarat. Ahmedabad was also the former state capital of Gujarat. This city was founded on the banks of the Sabarmati river by the Ahmed Shah I in 1411 and known so after its name. The various tourist attractions in Ahmedabad are the Jama Masjid, Sidi Bashir Mosque, Sabarmati Ashram, Sidi Saiyad's Mosque, Hathee Singh Temple and Calico Museum of Textiles.

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Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad

Bhavnagar
Bhavnagar, Gujarat

Bhavnagar is situated in the southeast corner of the Kathiawar peninsula in the Saurashtra plains. Bhavnagar was founded by Bhav Singh ji Gohil in 1723 AD near the Gulf of Khambhat, on a carefully chosen strategic location having potential of maritime trade. Bhavnagar grew into one of the 15th richest princely states in India during the 20th century. Today, several lakes and temples can be found in Bhavnagar. It is a very convenient place to visit the Jain temples at Palitana and the Velavadar Sanctuary. The various tourist attractions in Bhavnagar are the Takhteshwar Temple, Gandhi Smriti, Barton museum, Victoria Park, Takht Singh ji Hospital and Gaurishankar Lake.

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Bhuj

Bhuj is the most important town in the Kutch area. It was the capital of the former native state of Kutch and now it is the headquarters of the Kutch district. Bhuj derives its name from the Bhujiyo Dungar, a hill, overlooking the present day Bhuj town. This city was greatly destroyed in the earthquake in the year 1819 and 2001. Embroidery is the most important handicraft in this region and a paradise for handicrafts and lifestyle lovers. The main tourist attractions in Bhuj are the Aina Mahal, Prag Mahal and Cenotaph complex.

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Bhuj huts, Gujarat

Daman & Diu
Diu beach, Diu

Daman and Diu, the two small Portuguese enclaves are the union territories which were the part of the Gujarat. Daman is a picturesque port town hugged by the Arabian Sea and swaying casuarines. The town is divided into two parts by the Daman Ganga River. Diu is a tiny island in the Arabian Sea, about 11 kms. long and 3 kms. wide, separated from the coast by a narrow channel running through the swamp. The major tourist attractions in Diu are the Diu Fort, St. Paul's Church, Jallandhar Shrine, Gangeshwar Temple, Diu Museum and Nagoda Beach.

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Dwaraka

Dwaraka is located on the extreme western end of Kathiawar peninsula, where the River Gomti meets the Arabian Sea. Dwaraka is one of the four most important holy places of the Hindus and attracts tourists from all over the world. The importance, foundation, planning and glory of Dwaraka is also described in various Hindu epics like Bhagavad Gita, Skand Purana, Vishnu Purana and Mahabharata. According to the legends, the original Dwaraka which was an island was submerged in the sea after the death of Lord Krishna. Dwaraka is known for the famous Dwarkadhish temple also known as the Jagat Mandir, dedicated to the Lord Krishna. Besides the Dwarkadhish temple, there are various other temples in Dwarka.

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Dwaraka Temple, Gujarat

Gondal
Gondal, Gujarat

Gondal, a fortified town is located on the River Gondali and was the capital of the former princely state of Gondal. In the late 19th century and early 20th century some of the developments were made under the rule of Maharaja Bhagwat Sinhji in the Gondal. He introduced various social reforms and planned the development of the Gondal town. Some of the tourist attractions in Gondal are the Naulakha Darbargadh palace, Riverside Palace, Orchard Palace and Royal Garages.

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Junagadh

Junagadh is situated in the Saurashtra region at the foothills of the sacred hill, the Mount Girnar and occupies a special place in the history of Gujarat. Junagadh was the capital of the Junagadh state under the Muslim rulers of Babi Nawabs. The town of Junagadh takes its name from the fort that enclosed the medieval town. The most important tourist attraction in Junagadh is the remarkable Uparkot Fort (Upper Fort). Another attraction in Junagadh are the 14 rock edicts (257- 56 BC) of the great emperor Ashoka and Mount Girnar. Mount Girnar is one of the hills which is most sacred to the Jain community. One of the largest and the oldest, 12th century temple dedicated to Neminath, the Bhavnath temple and the Ambaji temple are also situated on this hill.

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Mandvi

Mandvi is located on the banks of the Rukmavati river, at the Gulf of Kutch. This town was established in 1581 AD by the Rao Khengarji, the first Jadeja ruler of Kutch. Mandvi was a originally a fortified town and had a wall of about 8 m high and 1.2 wide stone masonry. Today, Mandvi is a well known centre for the production of the country crafts. Mandvi has some very beautiful houses which belong to the rich merchants with stone carving and plaster decorations. Mandvi has a very pleasant climate throughout the year and was a summer retreat of the Kutch Maharaos. The Vijay Vilas Palace is one of the major tourist attraction in Mandvi. Besides this palace, Mandvi has some very beautiful houses which belong to the rich merchants, a girls high school, a light house and a beautiful beach.

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Modhera

Modhera is known for the 11th century Sun temple. This temple is situated on a knoll in the village of Modhera, about 106 kms. north west of Ahmedabad and was built by King Bhimdev I in 1026-27 AD. The architecture of the Modhera and the Konark sun temple is similar. Modhera is direct connected to various cities in Gujarat. The nearest railway station is located at Mehsana which is about 40 kms.

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Palitana
Palitana Temples, Gujarat

Palitana is one of the famous pilgrimage sites of the Jains, located about 215 km. from Ahmedabad. One of the major tourist attraction in Palitana are the temples located on the Shatrunjaya hill. About 863 temples are situated on the top of the Shatrunjaya hill. These temples are exquisitely carved in marble and built over a period of 900 years. The Shatrunjaya hill provides a breathtaking view of Palitana town. The temple of Shri Adishwara, the first Jain tirthankar (apostle) and the Chaumuk or the four faced temple, Kumar Pal, Vimal Shah and Sampriti Raj temples are located on the Shatrunjaya hill.

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Patan

Patan, an ancient fortified town, is situated on the banks of the sacred Saraswati river. This town was founded by the Vanraj Chavda in 746 AD and enjoyed a privileged status of the capital of Gujarat for about 600 years. The town of Patan was destroyed several period of times and as such today, one can barely find the traces of such a magnificent town. Patan is a famous manufacturing centre of the beautiful Patola silk saris. The most significant monuments in Patan are Rani ki Vav, Sahastralinga Talav and Khan Sarovar.

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Patan, Gujarat

 
Porbandar
Porbandar, Gujarat

Porbandar, a coastal heritage town, is located on the Saurashtra peninsula, in the Arabian Sea. This city is described in Skanda Purana as Sudamapuri and Ashmavati and was the main link of the great friendship between Lord Krishna and Sudama. Porbandar was established as a capital by Rana Sartanji in 1785 AD. Porbandar is also associated with the Mahatma Gandhi. The various tourist attractions in Porbandar are Kirti Mandir, Darbargadh, Sudama temple and the Huzoor Palace.

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Somnath

The legendary shore temple of Somnath is located near Veraval and is about 80 kms from Junagadh. The Somnath temple is one of the twelve most sacred shrines dedicated to the Lord Shiva and a jyotirlinga. According to the legends, the Somnath temple is very old and was originally built in gold by the Somraj, the Moon God. Later, it was rebuilt by Ravana, in silver; then by Krishna in wood and Bhimdev in stone. Today, this majestic temple is a replica of the earlier temple and built according to the traditional designs by the sea. The Somnath temple was rebuilt and destroyed seven times. This temple was finally rebuilt in 1950 with the support of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel.

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