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About Mon

Mon is a town and a town area committee in Mon district in the Indian state of Nagaland. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Mon one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the three districts in Nagaland currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

Mon is situated at 26.75°N 95.1°E. It has an average height of 655 metres (2148 feet).It is located at an altitude of 2,945 ft (898 m) above sea level. It is at a distance of 357 km from Kohima via Dimapur and 280 km from Dimapur, 275 km from Kohima via Mokokchung, Tamlu and Wakching. Home of the Konyaks, the town was established at the land of Chen and Mon villages. It is centrally located for the coronation of Anghs (chiefs).

As of 2011 India census, Mon had a population of 16,590 with 9,138 males and 7,452 females. Mon has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 66%. In Mon, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.The Konyaks and the Aos are the two tribes that comprise almost the entire urban population of present day Mon town.

Culture of Mon

This district is the home of the Konyak Nagas and it is interesting to see tattooed faces wearing feathers. Konyaks are proficient artisans and skilled craftsmen. There are excellent wood carvings, daos (machetes), guns, gunpowder, head brushes, headgear, necklaces, etc. made by these artisans and craftsmen. The most colourful festival of the Konyaks, "Aoling Monyu", which is observed during the first week of April every year, is a show worth watching. Konyaks are the largest tribe among nagas, and speak the local language, Nagamese. They have embraced Christianity and now, Christianity has become the consistent bond between the Nagas, who, earlier were at steady fight with each other, one who haS the maximum skulls of his enemies being considered the mightiest and most powerful. Konyaks still ornament their houses with skulls, hornbill beaks, elephant tusks, horns and wooden statues.

Konyaks are ruled by hereditary chiefs known as Anghs, and the institution of Anghship is only prevalent among the Konyaks. It is an exciting experience to pay a visit to the Angh's house at Chui, Mon Tangnyu, Sheangha, Chingnyu, Wakching and Jaboka. The Angh's house is the largest in the village, with a display of skulls in the front. The Konyaks have tattoos on their face and body. The older males wear large earrings made of boar horn and wear a loincloth only. Some carry a knife called dao or a gun. The older women wear a short piece of cloth enclosed around their waist only. They carry bamboo baskets on their backs or tie children to their backs with cloth. They weave wonderful patterns on their handwoven shawls. During festivals, the males wear colorful shawls and headgear ornamented with feathers, and dance with daos or spears chanting steadily. They also farm land in the hills by clearing the forests by controlled burning called "Jhum". They also prepare a home brewed liquor made of rice. Konyaks used to be headhunters before Independence. Some younger Konyaks are giving up their traditional way of life and implementing modern customs.

Tourist Attractions of Mon

Longwa Village
One of the biggest villages in Mon district, it is an interesting sight to see. As the village overlaps an international boundary line, one half of the Angh's house falls within Indian territory, whereas the other half lies under Myanmarese control. However, the entire village is controlled by the Angh and the village Council Chairman. Another interesting feature of this village is that the Angh of the village has 60 wives and his authority extends up to Myanmar and Arunachal Pradesh.

Naganimora is 11 km away from the Kongan Village. The village derive its name from the word Naga Rani Mora, which means the ‘burial place of the Naga Queen’. It is situated on the banks of Dikhu River and is home to the Kongans. This town was formerly known as Lakhan.

Veda Peak
This highest peak of the district is about 70 km east of Mon. The peak offers a clear sight of both the rivers Brahmaputra and Chindwin on a clear day. There is a waterfall on the areas of this peak and this area is also considered as one of the best locations in the whole of Konyak countryside.

Chui Village (basti)

This is a famous village near Mon, the diastict Headquarters. It is ruled by the Angh of Chui Basti. The Angh's house is the biggest in the village and has a display of skulls of enemies allegedly killed by him and his forebears in the times past. The Konyaks used to be headhunters in the 19th century.

Shangnyu Village
Ruled by the chief Angh, Shangnyu village is one of the famous villages in Mon district. There is a beautiful wooden monument measuring 8 feet in height and 12 feet in breadth which is believed to be constructed by heavenly angels. Statues of human beings and other creatures are engraved on this monument. Memorial stones are also found in front of the Angh's palace. History records that good and friendly relationships existed between Shangnyu and Ahom Kings.

How to Get There

Mon is well linked with Kohima, Dimapur, and Jorhat (Assam). There are direct bus services from Kohima and Dimapur to Mon. There are no direct bus services from Jorhat to Mon and you have to first reach Sonari or Simulguri in Assam. Direct bus services to Mon are available from Sonari. However, there are no direct buses to Mon from Simulguri; you have to reach Naganimora to get on a direct bus to Mon.

Important Bus routes to Mon, Nagaland:
• Sonari to Mon – 65km (direct bus service)
• Simulguri to Naganimora to Mon – 20km+75km (change bus at Naganimora)
• Kohima to Mon – 368km (direct bus service)
• Dimapur to Mon – 294km (direct bus service)



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