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Nagaland
About Nagaland
Nagaland Map, Map of Nagaland

Nagaland, a rural state is situated in the extreme north east India. Nagaland is one of the smallest state in India, with a total area of 16,579 square km. This state is bordered by Assam in the west and north, in the east by Myanmar (Burma), in the north by Arunachal Pradesh, and in the south by Manipur. The state is divided into seven districts which are Kohima, Phek, Mokokchung, Wokha, Zunheloto, Twensang and Mon. Kohima is the capital city of Nagaland. Its colorful people, great verdant landscapes, cultural festivals and tribes are a delightful combination for a delightful holiday experience. Nagamese, Hindi, English, Chang are the various languages which are spoken in Nagaland. Nagaland has a monsoon climate with generally high humidity. The best time to visit Nagaland is from September to April. The foreigners require area permit to visit Nagaland.

 
History of Nagaland

Very little is known about the early history of Nagaland. The British rule was established over the area by the 1890, and head hunting, a traditional practice, was outlawed. The Naga territory was divided between Assam and the North East Frontier Agency after Indian independence in 1947, despite of the movement which provided the political union of all the Naga tribes. In 1957, following violent incidents, the Indian government established a single Naga administrative unit under Indian rule. The Naga people responded by refusing to pay their taxes and by conducting a campaign of sabotage. In 1960, the Indian government agreed to make Nagaland a self-governing state within India. Nagaland, the 16th state of the Indian Union was born on 1st Dec 1963. The Naga separatists continued to show violent opposition and demanded for autonomy and creation of a single administrative unit comprising all the Naga inhabited areas spanning across some of the north eastern states. The Naga rebels and the Indian government have agreed on a ceasefire and peace talks are still going on. Nagaland has a single-chamber Legislative Assembly with 60 seats. The state sends two members to the Indian national parliament, one to the Rajya Sabha (upper house) and one to the Lok Sabha (lower house). Mokokchung, Tuensang, Mon, Wokha, Zunheboto, Phek and Kohima are seven local government administrative districts in Nagaland.

 
Geography of Nagaland

The terrain in Nagaland is hilly, thickly wooded, rugged, and cut by deep river valleys. The Naga Hills run through this small state. The Saramati is the highest peak in Nagaland which is located at a height of 3840 metres above sea level. The main rivers that flow through Nagaland are Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu and Jhanji. The terrain is mountainous, thickly wooded, and cut by deep river valleys. There is no waterfall in Nagaland. The only well known lake in Nagaland is Lacham, located to the east of Mehiri. The hill sides are covered with green forests. The terraced fields can be seen in the Angami region.

Festivals of Nagaland

The festivals of Nagaland are mostly related to agricultural operations. The community as a whole participate in the festival celebrations. There is a definite programme that stretch over a specified period in which all the village folk join. The main festivals of Nagaland are Moatsu, Sekrenyi, Sankarni. The Chakhesang Khilunyie and Rengma Ngadah are the harvest festivals of Nagaland. The most important festival of Aos is Moatsu, which is celebrated after the sowing is over for six days. 

Nagaland Festivals, Festivals of Nagaland

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Places in Nagaland
Nagaland Places, Places in Nagaland

Kohima, the capital city of the state of Nagaland, has a number of sites that are worth visiting to get an insight of the place's rich history. The World War II Cemetery that lies in a beautiful surrounding, the Cathedral of Reconciliation, the Bara Basti, the Nagaland Museum, Nagaland Zoo and Park are some of the attractions in Kohima. The sites near Kohima include the tribal village of Khonoma, Dzulekie, Jopfu Peak, Dzukou Valley and Dimapur.

 
People of Nagaland

The people of Nagaland are the Nagas. A majority of the people of Nagaland are Christians, though originally they were animists. The Nagas belong to the Indo-mongoloid family, a race whose presence was first noted ten centuries before Christ, at the time of the compilation of the Vedas. Nagas were the fierce warriors and also the notorious head hunters. About more than 20 tribes and sub tribes comprises of Nagas, each tribe has a specific geographic distribution. The Konyaks are the largest tribe, followed by the Aos, Tangkhuls, Semas, and Angamis. The various other tribes are the Lothas, Sangtams, Phoms, Changs, Khiemnungams, Yimchungres, Zeliangs, Chakhesangs (Chokri), and Rengmas.

Nagaland People, People of Nagaland
Dances of Nagaland
Nagaland Dance, Dances of Nagaland

The Naga tribes are fond of dances. These dances are mainly performed by men in a group, except in Zeliang tribe where this dance is performed equally by men and women. The Zemis of North Cachar hills are very fond of dances. There are a number of dances and each with a different name. They are named after the manner in which hands and feet are executed to resemble the movements of a bird or an insect or an animal like Nruirolians or cock dance, Gethinglim or cricket dance, Temangnetin or the fly dance and Hetateulee or the bear dance. All these dances are performed with the songs and music.

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Art & Craft of Nagaland

The important handicrafts of the Nagas are wood-carving, bamboo work, pottery and blacksmithy. The best wood-carvings can be seen on the village gate, in the Morung, and in front of the house of a rich man or warrior. The forests in Nagaland are rich in Bamboo and cane so Nagas are the expert basket makers. Apart from the baskets, the Nagas also make mats, shields, chungas or drinking cups, necklaces, armlets and leggings with bamboo. Pottery is not very popular and is practiced in very few villages. Blacksmithy, a comparatively recent craft, is more popular in Nagaland. The smiths produce the normal requirements of villagers like the Dao, axe, sickle, knives, spear points, butts and muzzle-loading guns. The Konyaks are the best blacksmiths.

Nagaland Craft, Crafts of Nagaland

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Nagaland
Nagaland Wildlife, Wildlife Sanctuaries in Nagaland


The Intaki Wildlife Sanctuary is the major wildlife sanctuary of Nagaland. This sanctuary is the home of many endangered species of wildlife. It is located around 37 km from Dimapur and is the habitat of Hoolock Baboon, the only gibbon found in India. The sanctuary also has a sizeable number of tuskers, tigers, mithun, Sambhar, wild dog and sloth bear and some rare species of birds. Besides this, the Ghosu Bird Sanctuary is another sanctuary in Nagaland. This bird sanctuary is solely maintained by the village community. This sanctuary is the habitat of more than twenty species of endangered birds.

How to reach Nagaland

By Air:
The only airport of Nagaland is located at Dimapur, which connects Nagaland with Guwahati and Calcutta by regular flights.

By Rail:
The major railway station is located at Dimapur, which lies on the main line of the Northeastern Frontier Railway.

By Road:
Nagaland can be easily reached from Kohima, Guwahati and Shillong.

 
 
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