different types of Yoga. These types of Yoga differ from one
way or another. The different types of Yoga are Mantra or
Japa Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Karma yoga, Gyana Yoga and Raja
All verses in Vedas are known as Mantras. Mantra Yoga or
Japa Yoga is originated from the Vedic Science and Tantra.
In the Mantra yoga, any person who chant or sing mantras can
achieve the ultimate salvation or union with supreme
consciousness. Mantra yoga or "yoga of potent sound," aims
at concentration of mind through the verbal or mental
repetition of the divine name or mantra such as "Om," "Hum,"
"Allah", "Vahe Guru" or "Ram".
Karma Yoga is a path of devotion to the work. The Karma Yoga
teaches us to perform all actions without having any desire
for the fruit. In this sadhana a Yogi considers his duty as
a divine action, performs it with whole hearted dedication
but shuns away all desires. In the holy book 'Bhagvad Gita'
the Karma Yoga has been described as that one should always
do the work with complete dedication without considering
about the fruits.
Bhakti Yoga is a yoga of devotion or complete faith. This
faith is generally in the god or supreme consciousness in
any of the forms like Lord Rama, Krishna, Christ, Mohammed,
Buddha etc. Most of the people suppress their emotions and
that often reflects in the form of physical and mental
disorders. This Bhakti Yoga releases those suppressed
emotions and brings the purification of inner self. The true
follower of Bhakti Yoga is free from egoism, humble and
unaffected by the dualities of the world.
Gyana means 'knowledge'. But in the context of Yoga, Gyana
Yoga is the process of converting intellectual knowledge
into practical wisdom. Gyana Yoga is described as a means to
obtain the highest meditative state and inner knowledge.
This Yoga teaches us to discriminate between the self and
non-self and to acquire the knowledge of one’s spiritual
entity through the study of scriptures, company of Saints
and practice of meditation.
Raja Yoga refers to the eight stages of yoga that are
described in the Yoga sutras. The Raja Yoga is popularly
known as "Ashtanga Yoga". Raja Yoga is meant for the all
round development of human personality. This type of yoga
deals with the refinement of human behaviour and personality
through the practice of the Yamas (restraint), Niyama
(discipline), Asanas (postures), Pranayama (breath control
techniques), Pratyahara (withdrawl of senses), Dharana
(Concentration), Dhyana (Meditation) and Samadhi (absorption
in the universal identity). People who are capable of
intense concentration mainly practice this form of yoga.