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Hindi, Hindi Language

Hindi Vocabulary for Tourists as help

Hindi Word English Meaning

Begum

A Muslim woman of high rank; a from of address

Brahmin

The highest Hindu caste: often a member of the priestly class

Chalo, Chalo

Let us go

Chappal

Sandal

Chappati

Unleavened Indian bread.

Chhota 

Small

Chela

Disciple

Cheeni

Sugar

Choli

Saree Blouse

Chowkidar

Watchman

Daaen

Right

Darshan

Audience or meeting with a gurus; having a glimpse of a temple deity

Darwaza

Gateway, door

Dhaba

A cheap Indian restaurant

Dhal

Lentil curry; what most Indians take with bread or rice

Dharamsala

A religious guest house which provides free accommodation

Dharma

Hindu ethical code

Dhobi

Washerman

Dhoti

Worn like the lunghi; the cloth is pulled up between the legs and tucked

Durbar

Royal Court

Durga

Name of a Hindu goddess, symbol of power

Doodh

Milk

Faquir

A Muslim ascetic, a beggar

Feni

A spirit-drink made from cashews

Gaddi

Throne

Ganesh

The Elephant-headed god; the God of Wisdom

Ghee

Clarified butter

Gurudwara

A Sikh religious temple

Guru

Teacher; a holy person

Haaji

A Muslim who has made a pilgrimage to Mecca

Hanuman

Hindu god with the face of a monkey

Harijan

The so-called untouchables. Now, untouchability is not practiced and they get preference in jobs, etc.

Hookah

Water-pipe for smoking tabacco

Kali

Hindu goddess; manufestation of power

Karma

Fate

Khadhi

Handspun cloth. Mahatma Gandhi had ordained its use to make India self-sufficient

Kothi

Residence, usually a large mansion

Kotwali

A police station

Krishna

Hindu God who delivered the sermon in the Gita.

Kurta

Indian style loose shirt

Lakh

One hundred thousand

Lassi

A refreshing, popular sweet yoghurt drink

Mahabharta

A Hindu epic

Mahal

Palace

Maharajah

A Hindu ruler

Maidan

A large open ground

Mali

A gardener

Mandir

A Hindu temple

Mantra

A Hindu prayer

Masjid

A mosque

Mela

A fair

Memsahib

A form of address for wealthy women, often used for white foreign women

Mughals

A dynasty of Muslim rulers who ruled northern India for 200 years

Moksha

Salvation from cycle of births and deaths

Monsoons

Rainy season in India from June to October

Narayana

A name for Vishnu, the Protector

Nawab

A Muslim ruling prince

Namaste

An expression with which a person may be greeted at any time of the day.

Pandit

Hindu priest

Puja

Prayer

Puranas

Ancient Hindu scriputers

Puradah

Isolation in home practiced by Muslim women

Raga

Melody or rhythm

Raj

Rule or government

Rajput

A warrior class from Rajastan

Ramayana

One of the two major Hindu epic stories. It is known all over South-East Asia

Rani

Wife of a princely ruler

Rasta Rokao

A form of protest by stopping all traffic

Rikshaw

Two-wheeled vehicle pulled by a man using a cycle

Rishis

Sages

Sadhu

An ascetic

Salwar

Trousers worn by Punjabi women; now by most Indian young girls

Satsang

A gathering for a holy discourse

Satyagraha

Non-violnet protest popularized by Mahatma Gandhi

Sardar

A term used for leader; Sikhs are also addressed as Sardars

Shri/Shrimati

Mr./Mrs.

Shukriya

Thank You

Tabla

A pair of kettledrums plyed with fingers

Thali

Traditional Indian metal plate for serving food

Tonga

Two-wheeled horse or pony carriage

Vedas

The four scriptures which the Hindu believed where revealed by the Gods through ancient sears.

Besides Hindi, India has 18 officially recognized languages which is an evolution in land of numerous dialects. The Indian National Congress had advocated the formation of linguistic provinces. The Constitution, therefore, recognized Hindi as the official language of the States and English was recognized as the authoritative legislative and judicial language. A schedule the 8th Schedule was added to the Constitution to indicate all regional languages statutorily recognized. The Schedule contains the following 18 languages:
1. Assamese 2. Bengali 3. Gujarati 4. Hindi 5. Kannada 6. Kashmiri 7. Malayalam 8. Marathi 9. Oriya 10. Punjabi 11. Sanskrit 12. Tamil 13. Telugu 14. Urdu 15. Sindhi 16. Nepali 17. Manipur 18. Konkani. Of the 18 languages listed in the Schedule, all except three- Sanskrit, Kashmiri and Sindhi are official languages of one or the other state.

 
 
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