Agra, Agra in India, Agra Tour

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Agra, Agra Attraction

Agra Attractions

Taj Mahal
Agra Fort
Sikandra
Fatehpur Sikri
Itmad-Ud-Daulah Tomb

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Agra - Agra India - Tourist Attractions in Agra

Introduction on Agra
Taj Mahal, Agra

Agra, the Mughal city is situated on the banks of the river Jamuna between Mathura and Surajpur. Agra which is about 200 kms from Delhi, covers an area of 62 square kms. Agra is one of the most famous tourist destination in India, which is visited by thousands of tourists from all over the world. Today, Agra is one of the Uttar Pradesh's larger cities. Agra witnessed the rule of several Mughal rulers like Babur, Shah Jahan and Akbar. Their passion for building endowed it with some of the loveliest buildings in the world. It was during Akbar's period that Agra became the center of art, culture, commerce and learning.

History of Agra

Agra originally formed part of the Surasena empire with its capital at Mathura. Agra has two dimensional history, one of the ancient city located on the banks of the river Jamuna, where it was known as Agraban. This city in those days was considered to be the sister of Mathura which was more prominent than Agraban. According to an ancient legend, the name of Agra is derived from Agra vans of the twelve groves of Brijmandala, where teenager Lord Krishna is said to have sported with his companions. The other part of the history deals with the rule of the various rulers like Babur, Shah Jahan, Akbar. In the olden days, Agra was the capital of the Mughals and one of the great Mughal cities of South Asia. During the 16th and 17th century, Agra was the capital of India. Agra was founded by Raja Badal Singh around 1475 AD. The Afghan king Sikandar Lodhi made this place his capital in 1501 when the Lodhis ruled North India. The Lodhi rule ended very soon and Agra passed into the possession of the Mughals. Later in 1526 AD, the Mughal Emperor Babar took upon himself the task for rendering Agra, a unique character and beauty of its own and chose this city as the base for the Mughals. He chose Agra as his capital because it had been the capital of the Afghan king he had defeated in a five hour battle. His own rule lasted for only four years. Emperor Babar brought some changes in the culture and lifestyle of the people of Agra, which then brought forward some of the finest craftsmen, artists, statesmen, warriors and nobility. He also built the world's first Mughal Garden in Agra. It was during the time of Akbar that Agra came into its own. Akbar constructed the massive Agra Fort in 1565. Akbar also built his new capital at Fatehpur Sikri. After that Akbar's grandson Shah Jahan ruled Agra. During his rule he built the world famous monument, the Taj Mahal. He built this monument between 1631-52 as a tomb and memorial to his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. In later years of Shah Jahan's rule, the capital was transferred again to Delhi. However, after dethroned in 1658 by his son, Aurangzeb, Agra rose once again as the capital. After the death of Aurangzeb, the Mughal Empire faced its way down. The post Mughal era of Agra saw the rule of the Jats, Marathas, and finally the British.

Tourist Attractions in Agra

The main tourist attraction in Agra is Taj Mahal. This great monument of love was built by Shah Jahan as a memorial to his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal in the year 1631-52. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the world and has fascinated visitors from all over the world. This marvelous memorial became the masterpiece of Mughal architecture among various others. Some of the other famous monuments in Agra that epitomize the high point of Mughal architecture are the Mughal Garden, Red Fort, Agra Fort, Jami Masjid, Chini-Ka-Rauza and Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb.

Agra Fort, Agra Tourist Attraction
Shopping in Agra

Agra is known for its superb inlay work on marble and soapstone done by the craftsmen who worked under the Mughals. Agra is also famous for the carpets, gold thread embroidery, leather shoes and handicrafts.

How to get here 

By Air: 
Agra is well connected to major metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai. It is also well connected to other cities as well through regular flights of Indian airlines, Jet Airways and Sahara Airlines. 

By Rail: 
Various important trains daily run between Agra and other major cities. 

By Road: 
Agra is well connected by road to the various parts of Rajasthan and North India. Regular bus service operates between Agra and major cities like Delhi, Jaipur and the other cities. Agra is about 200 kms from Delhi, 230 kms from Jaipur and about 119 kms from Gwalior.

To know the distances from Agra click here.

 
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