Welcome to Gujarat
Welcome

Rajasthan

North India

South India

East India

North East

Kerala

Gujarat

Kashmir

Ladakh

Himachal

Sikkim

Bhutan

Nepal

Tibet

Adventure

Bird Watching

WildLife

Safaris

Temples

Goa/Beaches

Special Tours

Train Tours

Ayurveda

Yoga

Festivals

Hotels

Car Rental

View All Tours

References

Rajasthan Tours

Colourful Rajasthan

Rajasthan With Pushkar

Cultural Tour

Delightful Rajasthan

Desert Tour

Desert Triangle

Gujarat & Rajasthan

Holidays in Rajasthan

Honeymoon Tour

Luxury Palace Tour

Rajasthan & South India

Rajasthan Desert Tour

Rajasthan East Tour

Rajasthan for Women

Rajasthan Gujrat Tour

Rajasthan North India

Rajasthan Short Tour

Rajasthan Tibet Kashmir

Round Trip of Rajasthan

Travel To Rajasthan

Rajasthan Tours by Days

31 Days Tour

28 Days Tour

24 Days Tour

17 Days Tour

17 Days Tour

17 Days Tour

16 Days Tour

15 Days Tour

14 Days Tour

13 Days Tour

11 Days Tour

11 Days Tour

10 Days Tour

8 Days Tour

7 Days Tour

India Tours

31 Days Rajasthan

30 Days Gujarat

26 Days South

19 Days North India

18 Days Rajasthan

17 Days South

16 Days Shekhwati

14 Days North India

13 Days Sikkim

11 Days Nepal

9 Days Ladakh

8 Days Taj Triangle

4 Days Tibet

India Guide

About India

Himalaya

Plains of India

Western Ghats

India Civilisation 

Hindu Temple

The Stupas 

Rock Cut Architect

Cave Architecture

Classical Dances

Indian Music Ragas

Ajanta Murals

Learn Cooking

Aravali Range
About Aravali Range

The Aravalli Range (Aravali) literally meaning 'line of peaks', is a range of mountains in western India running about 800 km in a northeastern direction across Indian states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi.It is also called Mewat hills locally.

The Aravalli range are the oldest fold mountains in India. At present The Aravali range is only a reminiscent of the gigantic system that existed in the prehistoric times with several of its summits rising above the snow line and nutritious glaciers of awesome magnitude which in turn fed many great glaciers. The Aravalis now exhibit a wonderful Semi-Dry Deciduous Forest.

The Aravalli Range is the tough end of a range of ancient folded mountains.The range rose in a Precambrian event called the Aravalli-Delhi orogen. The range joins two of the ancient segments that make up the Indian craton, the Marwarsegment to the northwest of the range, and the Bundelkhand segment to the southeast.

 
Features of Aravali Range

Undulating hills of Aravali, supporting the dry deciduous forests, provide an unbelievable wonderful ambience. The area is rich in floral diversity- mainly medicinal plants. It has several floral and faunal species of global conservation importance. The rare flora comprises Kadaya (giving medicinal gum), Gugal, amla and Moosli etc. The main trees are- Khair, Salai, Modad, Dhavada, Khakhara, Timru. During late winters (February-March) Khakhara-the flame of the forests- known by many different names such as- Palash, Tesu, Kesudo, Dhak etc. is generally in bloom with its prominent red color resembling flames in the forests. The rare animals comprise sloth bear, striped hyena, leopard, bluebull, porcupine, fox, small Indian civet, Indian pangolin and a number of reptiles including venomous and non-venomous snakes, monitor lizards, star tortoise etc. The rare birds of this area are adjutant Stork, spoonbill, osprey, white backed Vulture and black vultures.

The northern end of the range continues as isolated hills and rocky ridges into Haryana state, ending in Delhi. The well-known Delhi Ridge is the last leg of the Aravalli Range, which cross through South Delhi and terminates into Central Delhi where Raisina hill is its last extension. It is one of the world's oldest mountain ranges. It dates back to a pre-Indian subcontinental collision with the mainland Eurasian Plate. The southern end is at Palanpur close to Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The highest peak is Guru Shikhar in Mount Abu in Rajasthan. Rising to 5650 feet (1722 meters), it lies near the south-western extremity of the range, nereby the border with Gujarat District. The city of Udaipur with its lakes lies on the south slope of the range in Rajasthan. Numerous rivers rise amidst the ranges together with the Luni River, the Banas River, the Sakhi ,Sabarmati, and the Sahibi River.

Old fold mountains are portrayed by having stopped growing higher due to the cessation of upward thrust caused by the stopping of movement of the tectonic plates in the Earth's crust below them. In ancient times they were extremely high but since have worn down almost completely by millions of years of weathering. In contrast, the Himalayas are continuously rising young fold mountains of today.

 
Significance of Aravali Range

The forests of “The Aravalis” play a significant role in conserving the depleting eco-system and in controlling the southward development of The Thar Desert. The forest areas are combined with several hills and hillocks form the watershed for various dams across the state. It also constitutes part of the catchment areas of life giving important Rivers & streams. The ecological boundaries of Aravalis in Rajasthan State get amalgamated with forests of Haryana & Delhi States in the north ,and ,Spreads into agricultural fields all around providing ecological security and ameliorated environment to the semi arid region of Gujarat in the South & The expansive districts of Jaisalmer & Barmer to the west which is threatened by expanding desert.

Mining

Being rich in mineral resources, the Aravalli hills have witnessed years of illegal mining, which have led to their fast erosion in Rajasthan and Haryana. This also causes a serious environmental concern as the ranges form a natural barrier against the spread of the Thar desert northwards into the Gangetic plains in the Gangetic basin and Gujarat.

In May 2009, after months of media and public protests, along with several environmental groups, the Supreme Court banned mining in an area of 448 km2 across Faridabad, Gurgaon and Mewat districts in Haryana, that was once supposed to be set aside for a national park. This comes after the earlier court judgment in 1994 that allowed limited mining on the basis of the sustainable development principle under strict guidelines. Violation of the guidelines by local miners led to the court ban ruling. However, there are many illegal mines in Rajasthan, some of them operating at the edges of the Sariska Tiger Reserve.

 

 


Tours all over India – Nepal and Bhutan Home Mail to tourism expert of India e-mail  Online chat regarding travel and tours to India Chat Get contact information to Indian Tour Operator and Travel Agent Contact  Send your enquiry or tour request. Enquiry  Tour and Travel experts for India and Indian sub-continent About Us

Your feedback about travel and tours to India and Indian sub-continentFeedback

FAQ

Visit the site map of Indo Vacations Site Map India related and other useful links Links


www.indovacations.net
Copyright © Indo Vacations. All Rights Reserved.