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Jeypore
About Jeypore

Jeypore is the largest town after Berhmapur of south Odisha in the Koraput district of Odisha, India. Along with Bhubaneswar, Sambalpur, Cuttack, Rourkela, Balasore, Puriand Berhampur, Jeypore is one of the famous places of Odisha. Jeypore pronounced in Oriya as Joypur, literally means "the city of victory". Nature has given Jeypore generously waterfalls, dense green forests and the most attractive and best tribal folks. This is also a famous business place on southern Odisha. It is encompassed by hills of the Eastern Ghats and the more well-known Araku hills on three sides like a horse shoe with the western side opening up to Chhattisgarhin central India. It is the business center for the district and southern Odisha.

Jeypore is an ancient city of high strategic and historical significance. Jeypore is located at 18.85N 82.58E.It has an average elevation of 659 metres (2165 feet). As of 2001 India census, Jeypore had a population of 76,560. The population of Jaypur, as estimated in late 2010, is 80,837.

 
Festivities and Culture

Besides the annual Rath Yatra, another popular festival celebrated in the town is the 'Ghata Porbo' or 'Thakurani Yatra' (procession of the goddess) which is generally held during summer. The processions last for days and weeks, with dramas and other entertainment held during the nights. During the festival, every community has the chance to take its goddesses out of the temples and visit all other localities. Local musical instruments like 'Dombo baido' and 'Singha baido' accompany such processions. Jeypore is famous for its grand Dussehera and Rath Yatra celebrations as well. People also celebrate "Saraswati Puja", "Ganesh Puja" and "Biswakarma Puja".

 
History of Jeypore

Jeypore is an ancient town with a place in the history of Odisha. The town is enclosed by forests with mostly Sal (Dalbergia Latifolia) and teak (Tectona Grandis) trees. The major language spoken in this region is Oriya. Though Oriya is mainly spoken in Jeypore, there is a varied cultural mix with people speaking in Telugu and Hindi as well.The town was the capital of the local king in the olden times and is known for its ancient forts, temples and palaces.

Jeypore is the most prominent place in the history of Dandakaranya. The history of Jeypore is inextricably linked with that of the ruling Deo or Dev dynasty.Jeypore is located at the middle of the south-west horn of Odisha. Jeypore is a blend of the culture and traditions of the East and the South India. This blend of different languages and cultures gives Jeypore its unique language, cuisine and lifestyle.

Jeypore was, for very large period of time, the capital of the kingdom at Koraput which belonged to the Atavikas, a feudatory of the powerful Kalinga Empire (Ancient Odisha) who are known for having bravely fought the Kalinga War in the 3rd century BCE.Kalinga regained its former glory during the Mahameghabahan Dynasty in the first century BC.

The Koraput area was a small principality of Tri Kalinga under the Ganga era of the 5th century CE. The areas of Utkala, Kalinga and Kosala were brought under the control of the Ganga kings of Odisha. This dynasty became famous during the 11th century CE with the rise of Somanakshi. Their suzerainty extended from the modern Sambalpur, Sonepur to the Bastar and Koraput regions and they enjoyed control until the beginning of the 14th century CE.
The last king of Sailavansa, Pratap Ganga Raju was succeeded by Vinayak Dev of Surya Vansa which lasted until the time of the British Empire. Vinayak Dev was said to be married to the daughter of the last ruler of Silavansi Paratap Ganga Raju. He and his six succeeding generation of kings had only one son each and on advice from astrologers the headquarters of the kingdom was switched from Nandapur to Jeypore.

During the Anglo-French conflict, Vikram Dev I (17581781 CE) was successful in driving out the French from Malkangiri area and theMarathas from the Umerkote belt. He was succeeded by the brave Oriya king Ramachandra Dev II (17811825) while his other two sons Jagannath and Narasingh Dev were placed in charge of Nabarangpur and Gudari regions. The state of Odisha was formed on 1 April 1936 with Koraput as one of the six districts.

Vikram Dev: His generosity towards promotion of education and arts saw the establishment and growth of several educational institutions both in Jeypore (Odisha) and Visakhapatnam. He was more interested in the promotion of arts than his kingdom.
He was Maharaja Vikram Deo IV of the Sankara Dynasty of Jeypore, who succeeded Krishnachandra Deo in June 1931.

Born in Sri Mukhalingam in 1869, Vikram Deo, was the only Maharaja to become the Pro-Chancellor of both Andhra and Utkal Universities. The nine-day Dasara festival and Rath Yatra used to be conducted on a grand scale in Jeypore during Vikram Deo's rule. He used to ride his favourite white horse and hold durbar during the festival. The car festival, performed on the lines of the Puri Rath Yatra, used to attract thousands of devotees. In 1951 Vikram Dev IV died at 82 and the Estate Abolition Act was passed the next year. The Estate of Jeypore was taken over by the Government of Odisha.

The Dev or Deo dynasty is probably related to the Kakatiya dynasty. Some of the rulers established their own rule when the Kakatiyas were ruling around the jungles of Bastar. Since the area was unreachable and hostile, these kingdoms - including that of Jeypore (previously in Nandapur), Jagdalpur, Parlakhemundi, etc. got established under the supreme rule of Gajapati rulers of Odisha. And, from then a unique culture, food, tradition and pride could be seen in common at these areas. The jeypore royal palace collapsed down in August 2012 due to sheer neglect on the part of the royal family and the state administration, which signifies the sorry state of affairs of the present royal family.

Tourist Attractions in Jeypore

Gupteswar Cave
Gupteswar Cave is about 60 kms from jeypore. The place is well-known for the cave shrine of Lord Shiva located at the top of a limestone hill which is about 151 mts higher than the surrounding beautiful countryside, the place is perfect for natural scenery. One can reach the cave by ascending a flight of steps.

Raja Mahal & Surya Mahal
Raja Mahal & Surya Mahal are the centuries old palace on mainroad jeypore(Sardar Patel Road).They are basically an architectural marvel.

Kolab dam & garden

Kolab Botanical Garden stands beside the imposing Kolab reservoir is perfect for weekend picnic for people all over the district. This place is highly admired for its scenic beauty, attracting tourists for weekend picnic and boating. Kolab Botanical Garden stands beside the imposing Kolab reservoir which is ideal for weekend picnic for people all over the district. This place is highly admired for its scenic beauty, attracting tourists for weekend picnic and boating.

Jagganath Sagar & Jeypore Park

Jagganath Sagar is a beautiful lake which is situated in the heart of the town surrounded by beautiful park & play area has always been the favorite hangout zone for Jeypore public. A boating club, Delicious Food Inns adds a charm to the park. Sagar is all packed in the evening when people of all ages come here to relax themselves.

Sabara Shrikhetra (Koraput)
Koraut is located about 22 kms away from Jeypore and 2,900 ft. above sea level. The modern Jagannath Temple has come up on a hilltop. The Tribal Museum behind the temple caters to and educates the tourists about the culture and heritage of the tribals.

Shakti Water Fall
Shakti Water Fall commonly said as S water fall for the path of the falls resembles the alphabet S is a worth visiting place. This place is a fun & adventurous camping grounds among the youth of Jeypore & nearby places. Closely surrounded by dense beautiful mountains this waterfalls falling from a height of 20 ft is a natures marvel.

Deomali
Deomali is about 50 km from Jeypore, it is the highest mountain peak in Odisha. The path to the top is as breathtaking as the view at the peak. It is not only a wonder for the tourists but also to the adventurous sports lovers for mountaineering, trekking and hang gliding.

Cuisines

Food at Jeypore is similar to its culture. It brings the best from the East and South on the plate. Oriya cuisine ala Pakhala, mutton, machha besara( At Radha Krishna hotel.) take stage with South Indian dishes such as Idli, Dosa, Puri, Upma, Pesarattu, Uttapam and Vada. Jeypore is well-known for the quality of Cashew all over the world. There are a number of shops serving authentic Oriya sweets such as Chena Podo and Rasgulla. There are also a few Punjabi Dhabas and Gujarati hotels. Nearby Ambaguda is famous for its Rasmallais, while numerous stalls on the roadside of the town serve chaats, kachoris and egg and chicken rolls in the evening. There many small and Big cashew industries around the town. The Odisha state government is having Cashew Board office located in Jeypore. There are around 40 cashew industries in this area and every year the number is growing. These cashews are even exported outside country.Jeypore people are food lovers, due to which in recent years many multi-cuisine restaurants are opened all over the town.

Best Season / Best time to visit Jeypore

The town of Jeypore experiences a tropical monsoon climate, like the rest of Odisha. The monsoon season here is not as cruel as it is in other parts of the state, and summers here are hot and winters very cold. The best time to visit Jeypore would be during the winter months, between October and February.

The monsoon season in Jeypore brings about moderate rainfall, and this season is mainly during the months of July, August, September and October. The weather during this time is amusing and Jeypore can be visited during this time too.

Summers in the town of Jeypore are very hot, and this season runs during the months of March, April, May, and June. The summer months will experience a maximum temperature of around forty five degrees (45C) and a minimum temperature of around nineteen degrees (19C). Visiting Jeypore during the summer months is not a very good idea.

Winters in Jeypore are during November, December, January and February. These months will experience a maximum temperature of around twenty two degrees (22C) and a minimum temperature of around four degrees (4C). This is a good time to visit Jeypore, and this is the main tourist season in the region.

How to Reach Jeypore

By Rail
Jeypore has its own railway station which is connected only from Visakhapatman (Kirandul Pass) and not from many cities across India. Visakhapatnam is the nearest major rail junction for Jeypore.

By Road
Buses are the ideal mode of transport among the locals, as regular buses that are run under the government will readily be available in every single town. These will be cheap and effective, in case youre looking for a speedy mode of transport in urgent situations. This mode of transport can be uncomfortable, as buses that are state-run will normally not be in good condition and will also be crowded. Buses can also be taken to the nearby state of Andhra Pradesh.

By Air
Jeypore does not house an airport of its own, and flights can be taken to the airport in Vishakapatnam, which lies nearby at a distance of around 259 kilometers. Many private carriers like Jet Airways, Kingfisher Red, JetLite, IndiGo, Go Air and SpiceJet operate from this airport. Flights will be available from Hyderabad, Chennai, Kolkata and New Delhi.

 

 


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