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About Parsighat

Pasighat is the headquarters of East Siang district in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. Pasighat is located at 155 meters, with its picturesque splendours; Pasighat is Arunachal's oldest town.As of 2001 India census, Pasighat had a population of 21,972. Pasighat is mainly inhabited by the Adi people who are known for their colourful Ponung dance and war dance called Taapu. Pasighat is also ideal for adventure sports activities.

Pasighat is located at 28.07N 95.33E. It has an average altitude of 153 metres (501 ft). Winter is marked by cold dry local seasonal wind which blows throughout the winter. The area experiences tropical humid climate during summer and dry mild winter. The place is known for receiving the highest rainfall in a single year. Pasighat and the area around it receive heavy rainfall every year during monsoon season starting from May until September. The unique trough like features surrounded by high hills on all three sides make this place idyllic for attracting rain bearing cloud which come in from the Assam plain. The rain bearing wind gets hindered by the hills and brings heavy monsoon. This factor contributes in making this place fog-free even in winter. The Brahmaputra emerges from the foothills under the name of Dihang or Siang. It enters India as Dihang, west of Sadiya town in Arunachal Pradesh. Flowing south-west, it receives its main left bank tributaries, viz. Lohit and Dibang; thereafter, it is known as the Brahmaputra. Then it races across the Pasighat (north of Assam) heading for the Assam plains as the impressive Brahmaputra.

Agriculture is the main occupation of local people. Rice is the main food crop produced in the area. There are various large tea gardens in the environs of the town which attract workers from all over the region. Lumbering was a big supporting industry till the Supreme Court clamped down on the industry during the nineties. There is also a bit of tourism in Pasighat, being the oldest town in Arunachal Pradesh. Agriculture, horticulture and tourism continue to be the main source of economy for the town.

History of Parsighat

Pasighat was founded in 1911 A.D. by the British as a gateway to administrative convenience of the greater Abor Hills and the north area in general. Primarily there were settlements of Pasi and Minyong communities who are still living in the villages in and around Pasighat. Year 2011 (January) marked 100 years of its existence and this occasion was celebrated in the DSA Ground (in February last week) after having extended the function for more than half a dozen times, thereby creating a mass public irritation.

Cognizance of Pasighat appeared due to the Anglo-Abor War that was fought in 1912. This imposed the first ever administrative headquarters being established here with an Assistant Political Officer posted. In the post-independent Era, Pasighat is credited with the first Airfield (near Paglek, P.I. Line) which was established in the year 1946. The first Agricultural Institute in Arunachal Pradesh was also set up at Pasighat in 1950. Other forms of infrastructural development comprise the following-
1) General Hospital -It was established in the year 1954, although some claim it as old as the town itself.
2) Co-operative society Ltd (1957).
3) Nurse Training Centre (affiliated to General Hospital).
4) The first ever College in Arunachal Pradesh - Jawaharlal Nehru College (established: July 4, 1964).
5) the first ever All India Radio Station in the State in 1966.

The early promoters for the shifting of capital from Shillong (the then NEFA), underlined Pasighat as the apparent choice under the new preference. One of the strong reasons given by the officials was the above leading relative infrastructural development in the whole of the state. However, because of the then over-crafty marks and the self-crowned top dogs, the privilege was lost with a serious disgust to the present capital Itanagar. Since that catastrophe of 1974, Pasighat has failed to yield its lost tempo of modernization; nevertheless it has embarked as the new intellectual center of the entire state.

The only renown development in Pasighat that came after the 1974 catastrophe was in the form of the College of Horticulture and Forestry Central Agriculture University which was founded on March 7, 2001.

Culture of Parsighat

The people of Pasighat celebrate a variety of festivals. The Mopin and Solung are two important festivals here. Mopin is a festival that is celebrated to drive away all the evil spirits which are believed to bring bad luck. The locals pray that the nuisance shadows are not allowed and that any kind of natural calamity is avoided. The deity that is worshiped is the deity of welfare and wisdom. It is held for five days in the month of April. Locals celebrate this festival before sowing paddy. Popir is a popular dance that is danced during Mopin. This is a very graceful dance.

Legend has it that the festival regarded as Solung, which is the principle festival of the Adis, came into its memorable existence when the Goddess of wealth, Kine-Kane had asked them in person to carry out this worship or 'puja'. Although there are a lot of theories that vouch for its beginning but this one is the most widely recognized and accepted.The songs that are sung during Solung are the words of Solung Abung that show the life of animals, humans and plants.Solung is celebrated by the Adis for five days in the month of August.The first day or the Solung Gidi Dogin is the day when they prepare for this event. Doreph Long, the second day is the day of animal slaughters. Binayat Binam or the third day is the day of prayers. Yaktor of Ekoph is the fourth day and on this day arms and ammunition are manufactured. Miri or the fifth day is the day of farewell.

Tourist Attractions in Parsighat

Pasighat is the land of the mighty Siang and local hanging bridges. Round cane rings, swinging threads, shattered wooden streets hanging above the impressive Siang makes it a picture ideal moment of excitement and adventure.

The amusing waterfall graces the mountain cliffs and chills the area. The musical tumbling sound of the water, the cool breezes procreating from the waterfall dips down the temperature. The songs of the birds, the smells of the forest after the rains are simply overwhelming. The places of attraction in the town are:

Kekar Monying
A mountain cliff near Rottung is an important historical place because it was here that the Adi put up a strong conflict against the British in 1911. The war was a part of a punitive expedition undertaken by the British for murdering Noel Williamson, a political officer in the previous year by Matmur Jamoh, a native of Yagrung village.

A village on the left bank of the Siang is the place of Williamson's murder. A stone epitaph bearing the name of Noel. Williamson still lies near the Siang. Gomsi, a cultivation area near Rani Village is another place of historical significance. In June, 1996 a team of archaeologists led by Shri T. Tada, Deputy Director, Archaeology of the Research Department conducted a trial excavation and survey in the site. They have found broken pieces of different evidence, of magnificent past culture of early medieval period.

Pangin is located at a distance of about 60 km from Pasighat, and is linked by road. It stands at a point where River Siyom meets River Siang and presents a rare sight. The blue waters of Siom meet the green Sinag and the beauty of the site is to be seen. The district is also gifted with some beautiful scenic locations particularly on both sides of the Siang. There are also a number of rare plants and herbs which are of medicinal importance. Zoologists and Botanists can have plenty of scope for study of the rich plant and wildlife resources.

The Daying Ering Sanctuary
The Daying Ering Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh, India is one of the most famous wildlife parks of the state. It Spreads over an area of 190 sq. km., alluvial grasslands form the major area and wooded areas constitute about 15%. The rest is water.

How to reach Parsighat

Pasighat by Rail
The nearest railway station to Pasighat is Murkong Selek in Assam which is about 35 km away. From the station, tourists can hire a taxi/cab or a bus to reach Pasighat.

Pasighat by Road
Pasighat is linked by roads from all cities of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. National Highway 52 passes through Pasighat make it easily accessible to other cities. It is advisable to drive a sturdy vehicle as the roads are quite rough and need maintenance. Private and government buses are available from all cities of Arunachal and from Guwahati in Assam to reach Pasighat.

Pasighat By Air
Flights will be available till the nearest airport, and the nearest airport is in the town of Dibrugarh. The town of Dibrugarh is one of the most well connected places in the whole state with a major airport and a major railway station as well.



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