Tonk is a town in Rajasthan state, India. The town
of Tonk is located 60 miles (95 km) by road south
from Jaipur, near the right bank of the Banas River.
It is the administrative headquarters of Tonk
District. Tonk was also the capital of the eponymous
princely state of British India from 1817 to 1947.
Tonk was Built in the 17th century, the town of Tonk
serves as a host to several mansions, mosques and
British colonial buildings. This cross-cultural town
is a mixture of Rajput buildings and Muslim
architecture, which sets this town apart from
others. Rich in cultural heritage and magnificent
structures, Tonk attracts tourists from all over the
world. It is well-known for its wonderful hall
called, the Sunehri Kothi. The Arabic and Persian
Research Institute are also located in this town.
Tonk is one of the most interesting places in
Rajasthan and is well-known for its old 'havelis'
and mosques. Nawabi Nagari 'Tonk' is famous not only
in Rajasthan but also all over India for its
This graceful town of Jaipur was once ruled by the 'Pathans'
of Afghanisthan. The ancient town takes pride in its
beautiful architectural wonders, established during
the Mughal era. The Nawab of Tonk was very fond of
literature and built a large library of Persian and
History of Tonk
Nawabi Nagari 'Tonk' is popular not only in
Rajasthan but also all over India for its historical
traditions. As per the history, Jaipur's King Man
Singh occupied Tari & Tokra Janpad in the regime of
Akbar. In 1643, twelve village of Tokra janpad were
given to Bhola Brahmin. Later Bhola gave a name to
these twelve villages as 'Tonk'. It is surrounded by
5 districts: north, Jaipur district; south, Bundi
district and Bhilwara district; east, Ajmer
district; and west, Sawai Madhopur district. Average
rain fall is 62 mm. Agriculture and animal husbandry
are the main occupation of the people.
The history of Tonk is very old as it is associated
with Bairath culture and civilization. Tonk has been
called Rajasthan ka Lucknow, Adab ka Gulshan,
Romantic poet Akhtar Shreerani ki Nagri, Meethe
Kharboojo ka Chaman, Hindu Muslim Ekta ka Maskan and
as result of which Tonk could keep an isolated
status in Rajasthan.
During the rule of Nawabs all the native were
invited in an Islamic function of Miladdunabi
without caste, color and creed, which was organised
by the ruling Nawabs for the period of seven days in
the month of Rabiul Awwal, collectively with full
enthusiasm in Tonk.The first founder ruler of Tonk
was Nawab Mohammed Amir Khan. It is known as Samwad
Lakshya in the Mahabharat period. In the rule of
Mouryas, it was under mouryas and then it was
combined into Malvas. Most of the part was under
Harsh Vardhan. As per Hevan Sang, tourist of China,
it was under Bairath State. In the rule of Rajputs,
the parts of this state were under Chavras, Solankis,
Kachvahs, Sisodiyas and Chouhans. Later, it was
under the rule of King Holkar and Sindhia.
In 1806, Amir Khan occupied it from Balvant Rao
Holkar. Later, the British government gained it from
Amir Khan. As per the treaty of 1817, British
government returned it to Amir Khan. Tonk was
founded in 1818 by an Afghan military leader who was
granted land by the ruler of Indore.
Tourist Attractions of Tonk
The main touurist attractions of Tonk are-
1) Sunahari Kothi
It is located near Bada Kuwa on Najar Bagh road in Tonk
City. Inside the Kothi, the walls are golden polish. It is
also known as Shishmahal. One can see the diamonds and
glasses,paintings,flowers, Pachhikari and Meenakari works
on the walls. The government has published it in the
gazette for making it a historical place. Renovation work
is going on for preserving this monument.
2) Hathi Bhata
It is about 22 km from district Headquarters. Five km from
this place, there is a monument of an elephant, where a
single stone was carved into the shape of an elephant. It
was prepared by Ram Nath Slat during the rule of Sawai Ram
Singh in 1200 AD. This fact is written on the right ear of
the elephant. Even today you can read this script.
It is situated about 70 km from District HQ. and 13 km
from Deoli tehsil head quarter. One can visit the
beautiful Dam and historical Lord Gokarneswar Temple. As
per the local history, Ravan has made tapasya here. Dam
was built between two mountains on the Banas River. Here,
the Banas River splits the Aravalli Range.
4) Rasiya Ke Tekri
Appointed by Raja Holkar, as a governor of this place Shri
Ambaji Maharaj, a schooler, known for composing love
songs, modernized Rasia Ki Tekri in 1859. As per the local
history, one Kayasth lover used to sit here and always
sing love songs. On account of this romance (rasiya), this
monument is called by the name of Rasiya Ke Tekri.
5) Historical Ghanta Ghar (clock tower)
This was founded by Mohd. Sadat Ali Khan, Nawab of Tonk in
1937. As per the local history, in 1936, public suffered
from the disease haiza. Nawab Sadat Ali Khan, fifth Nawab
of Tonk, distributed medicines house to house personally.
Public appreciated this and presented money to him. He
constructed this monument with this money.
6) Jama Masjid
This monument is one of the biggest masjids and the most
beautiful monuments in India. This was founded by First
Nawab of Tonk, Nawab Amir Khan in 1246 and was completed
from 1297 to 1298 by his first son Nawab Wzirudhoula. Four
Minars of this monument can be seen from a long distance.
Four big doors are built in the Moughal style. The main
part of the monument look likes Delhi and Agra Mogul style
monuments. One can find the golden paintings and Meenakari
on the walls.
7) Dunja Temple
Dunja temple is located at Duni Village on the Pond. the
location of pond is very attractive. Temple situated at
the side of Rajmahal,Village has a wall in all areas &
incoming is possible by Four Gates Only.
8) Shivaji Garden
It is located in Bhagat Singh Colony, Newai Town about 30
km from Tonk Hq. It is situated on the National Highway,
70 km far from Jaipur. Its map is designed like Maisoor
Gardens and Hiran Magari Park. Musical fountains are
arranged in this garden, and there is a swimming pool for
The 'Sangam' of three rivers Banas, Khari and Dai attracts
the tourists. This Mahal is situated at bank of the Banas
River. There is good heritage hotel that provides
accommodation to the tourists. One can enjoy the boating
in Dah of Salam Singh. Many national and international
tourists who visited this place admire the beauty of this
place. It is about 10 km from Bisalpur. One can see the
Raj Mahal built on a big mountain at Kakor. This Mahal
attracts the tourists. Formerly, this village was known as
Best Time To Visit Tonk
A historical town of archaeological importance, Tonk
is a supreme delight for any tourist who visits this
town. The 'Lucknow of Rajasthan' which was once
ruled by the Pathan tribes from Afghanisthan, is
rich in ancient culture and architecture. One can
spend their holidays in this memorable town and
explore the town's ancient buildings.The best time
to visit this wonderful town is between the months
of October to March.
Shopping And Markets
Tonk town has the biggest market in the Tonk district. It
has separate agriculture market - 'Krishi Mandi' and a
central consumer durables market. Other towns in the
district have smaller clustered markets. Most popular
shopping destination for consumer durables in the district
is Ashok General Stores located at Subhash Circle of Tonk
town. One of the oldest shop for Medicens/Durgs and
General Items is " Agarwal Medical Store " at Bada Kuwa.
How to Get There
By Rail: Jaipur Station is well connected to Delhi
by Ajmer Shatabdi and Delhi-Jaipur Express, to Mumbai by
the Bombay Central-Jaipur and Aravalli expresses, and to
Kolkata by the Howrah-Jaipur Express.
By Road: Tonk is well-connected by roads. Rajasthan
Tourism provides regular bus services that run through
major tourist cities and nearby towns.
By Air: Jaipur Sanganer Airport is the nearest
airport and is well connected to all the major cities of