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Rajasthan Tours & Travel Packages (India)

Custom Tours - Car Rental & Train Tours by a local Tour Operator & Travel Agent : Approved by Ministry of Tourism (Govt. of India) as Inbound Tour Operator for Foreign Tourists

Indo Vacations offers you an exclusive all inclusive Vacation in Rajasthan. As specialized Tour Operator for the Holidays in Rajasthan, we have our main office in Jaipur, the capital of the state. A team of experienced tourism people handle every travel query from you and reply within 24 hours. We understand your needs when it comes to a tailor made tour. Our Holiday packages are designed to give you the optimal combination of the culture, traditions and cuisine and cover as well all the famous destinations. Our travel arrangements not only enables you to visit the historical monuments of Rajasthan but also gives ample opportunities to interact with the local people, visit the local markets and witness the lifestyle of the people of this lovely state. Below collections of the round trips are being selected by most of the tourists who decide to spend their holidays in this colorful state of Rajasthan. Local festivals are also combined with many of our Holiday packages adding a magnificent spectacle of color, music, dance and festivity. Camel ride in Sam Sand dunes near Jaisalmer and Elephant ride in Amber are popular among the tourists.
We also provide, wherever possible, accommodation in heritage hotels. Heritage Hotels are old Palaces, Forts and Grand mansions of Maharajas of Rajasthan which have been later renovated and converted into Hotels. All the rooms are decorated individually, comfortable, romantic and present the flair of olden Maharaja days. As a wholesale travel agent we offer you travel facilities on special rates. The best value of your money is the criteria for us while selecting the hotels. Our numerous testimonial and references speak for themselves. Our Team has prepared a collection of tours below. We would be glad to makes the changes if wished or needed as per your personal wish. Indo Vacations welcomes you on your journey to the state of Rajputs !

Most popular Rajasthan Tour Packages & Round Trips

Wildlife  Tour

31 Days & 30 Nights

 

Delightful Rajasthan and North India

19 Days & 18 Nights

 

Colourful Rajasthan

19 Days & 18 Nights

 

Exclusive Tour

17 Days & 16 Nights

 

Colourful Rajasthan with Pushkar

16 Days & 15 Nights

 

Desert Tour

12 Days & 11 Nights

 

Wild Life in Rajasthan

11 Days & 10 Nights

 

The Indian Golden Triangle 

08 Days & 07 Nights

 

Taj Wild Life

08 Days & 07 Nights

 

More Travel Packages & Round Trips

Rajasthan Intensive

31 Days & 30 Nights

 

The Grand Heritage Tour

28 Days & 27 Nights

 

Forts and Palaces Tour

24 Days & 23 Nights

 

Round Trip of Rajasthan

18 Days & 17 Nights

 

Luxury Palace Tour

17 Days & 16 Nights

 

Royal Rajasthan Tour

17 Days & 16 Nights

 

Vacations in Rajasthan

17 Days & 16 Nights

 

Shekhawati Tour

16 Days & 15 Nights

 

Cultural Tour of Rajasthan

16 Days & 15 Nights

 

Hadoti Region with Pushkar

16 Days & 15 Nights

 

Wild Life Tour with Goa

15 Days & 14 Nights

 

Short Tour

14 Days & 13 Nights

 

Heritage Tour

14 Days & 13 Nights

 

Holidays in Rajasthan

13 Days & 12 Nights

 

Honeymoon in Palaces

13 Days & 12 Nights

 

Desert Holiday Tour

13 Days & 12 Nights

 

Vacations in Desert

12 Days & 11 Nights

 

Golden Triangle with Ajanta & Ellora

11 Days & 10 Nights

 

Desert Golden Triangle

11 Days & 10 Nights

 

Shekhawati Desert Tour

11 Days & 10 Nights

 

Desert Triangle

10 Days & 09 Nights

 

Desert Triangle with Taj

10 Days & 09 Nights

 

Golden Triangle with Mandawa City

08 Days & 07 Nights

 

Rajputana Desert Tour

08 Days & 07 Nights

 

Taj Triangle Tour

08 Days & 07 Nights

 

Royal Desert City Tour

07 Days & 06 Nights

 

Imperial Rajasthan

07 Days & 06 Nights

 

Jewels of Rajasthan

07 Days & 06 Nights

 

Mountain Tour

06 Days & 05 Nights

 

Jungle Safari

05 Days & 04 Nights

 

Pushkar with Lake City Tour

05 Days & 04 Nights

 

Golden Sand Tour

05 Days & 04 Nights

 

Experiences of Desert Tour

04 Days & 03 Nights

 

Sawai Madhopur Wildlife Tour

04 Days & 03 Nights

 

Sariska Wildlife Tour

04 Days & 03 Nights

 

Pink City Tour

04 Days & 03 Nights

 
 

Travelers Experiences - Testimonials & References

 

Group Tours - Frequent Group Departure

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19 Days Rajasthan Tour || 18 Days Rajasthan Tour || 17 Days Rajasthan Tour || 14 Days Rajasthan Tour || 11 Days Rajasthan Tour || 10 Days Rajasthan Tour


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Rajasthan Information: History - Culture - Heritage - Music - Dance - Art - Architecture - Society

Sources of the History and Culture of Rajasthan
(From earliest times up to 1200 A.D.)

Rajput - Muslims Relations
 (1200 – 1526 A.D.)

Architecture in Rajasthan (1200 – 1800 A.D.)

Kalibangan - the largest prehistoric site in Rajasthan

Excavations at Ahar (South Rajasthan)

Origin of the Rajputs

Origin of the Guhilas, their Rise and Bappa Rawal in Rajasthan

Moguls & Chauhans Resistance in Rajasthan

Rawal Ratan Singh of Rajasthan and his Resistance against the Turks

Maharana Kumbha (1433 – 1468) and his Political Achievements

Maharana Kumbha & his Cultural Achievements

Maharana Sanga & his Achievements (1508 – 1528 A.D.)

Rajasthani Paintings Schools

Merger of Rajput states in the Indian Union

Resistance of Mahararana Pratap of Mewar Against Akbar

Maratha - Rajputs Relations

Raja Man Singh of Amber

Rathore – Sisodia Alliance & Achievements of Raj Singh in Mewar

Role of Durga Dass Rathor in the history of Rajasthan

Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur , Mughals and Marathas

Rajasthan’s Cultural Heritage

 
 

Rajasthan Travel Guide

About the state Cuisines History Rajasthan Tours Social Profile
Accommodation Customs & Traditions Museums & Galleries Rajasthan Villages Telephone Codes
Adventure Distance Chart Music & Dance Rajasthan Weather Tourist Attractions
Art & Culture Economy Parks & Sanctuaries Reaching the state Travel Tips
Ayurveda Fairs & Festivals Photo Gallery Religious Activities Traveling Around
Camel Safari Forts & Palaces Rajasthan City Tours Royal Train Tribes
Cities Heritage Hotels Rajasthan Craft Rural Bazaars Women Travel
Climate Horse Safari Rajasthan Links Rural Areas Yoga

 

City Tours of Rajasthan
Ajmer Tour || Alwar Tour || Bharatpur Tour || Bikaner Tour || Bundi Tour || Chittorgarh Tour || Jaipur Tour || Jaisalmer  || Jodhpur Tour || Kota Tour || Mount Abu Tour || Pushkar Tour || Ranakpur Tour || Ranthambore Tour || Sariska Tour || Sawai Madhopur Tour || Shekhawati Tour || Udaipur Tour

Safari Tours
4 Days Horse Safari  || 6 Days Horse Safari || 10 Days Horse Safari || 11 Days Horse Safari  || 12 Days Horse Safari  || Bikaner Horse Safari  || Nagaur Horse Safari  || Pushkar Horse Safari  || Horse Safari in Rajasthan  || Camel Safari || Rajasthan Heritage Safari || Rajasthan Desert Safari

Train Tours
Rajasthan Tour by Train || Rajasthan Train Tour || Palace on Wheels  || Heritage on Wheels Tour

Cities
Ajmer || Alwar || Bharatpur || Bikaner || Bundi || Chittorgarh || Deogarh || Dungarpur || Gajner || Jaipur || Jaisalmer || Jodhpur || Karauli || Khimsar || Kota || Kumbhalgarh || Mandawa || Mount Abu || Neemrana || Osian || Phalodi || Pokaran || Pushkar || Ranakpur || Ranthambore || Rohetgarh || Samode || Sariska || Shekhawati || Udaipur

Tourist Attractions
Siliserh Lake Palace || Neemrana Fort Palace || Dargah Sharif || Gajner Palace || Karni Mata Temple || City Palace (Jaipur) || Hawa Mahal || Rambagh Palace || Jantar Mantar || Patwon ki Haveli || Sam Sand Dunes || Umaid Bhawan Palace || Ludurwa Temple || Jag Mandir || Kota Fort || Chambal Garden || Rao Madho Singhji Museum || Umed Bhawan Palace || Brijraj Bhawan Palace || Nakki Lake || Dilwara Temple || Brahma Temple || Pushkar Lake || Ranakpur Jain Temples || City Palace (Udaipur) || Lake Palace || Nathdwara Temple

Forts & Palaces
Amber Fort || Bala Kila || Chittorgarh Fort || Jaigarh Fort || Jaisalmer Fort || Junagarh Fort || Kota Fort || Kumbhalgarh Fort || Lohagarh Fort || Mehrangarh Fort || Taragarh Fort

Museums & Art Galleries
Ajmer Government Museum || Ajmer Archaeological Museum || Alwar Government Museum || Virat Nagar Museum || Bharatpur Government Museum || Fateh Prakash Palace Museum || Dungarpur Museum || Albert Hall Museum || Modern Art Gallery || Hawa Mahal Museum || Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum || Jaisalmer Folklore Museum || Jaisalmer Government Museum || Jodhpur Government Museum || Kota Government Museum || Kota Archaeological Museum || Udaipur City Palace Museum || Udaipur Government Museum || Shilp Gram

National Parks & Wildlife Sanctuaries
 Bhensrod Garh Sanctuary || Darrah Sanctuary || Desert National Park || Jaisamand Sanctuary || Keoladeo Ghana National Park || Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary || Mount Abu Sanctuary || Ranthambore National Park || Sariska National Park || Chambal Sanctuary || Sitamata Sanctuary || Talchappar Sanctuary

Adventure Sports
Camel Safari || Elephant Safari || Jeep Safari || Horse Safari || Horse Polo || Camel Polo || Elephant Polo || Bicycling || Cart Races || Tonga Races || Kite-flying || Golf || Ballooning || Para-Sailing || Gliding || Desert Rallies || Vintage Car Rally || Desert Safari || Trekking || Camping

Festivals
Camel Festival || Desert Festival || Nagaur Fair || Baneshwar Fair || Chaksu Fair || Brij Festival || Elephant Festival || Gangaur Festival || Mewar Festival || Ajmer Urs || Summer Festival || Teej Festival || Marwar Festival || Pushkar Fair 

Dances
Ghoomar || Gair || Chari Dance || Kachhi Ghodi || Fire Dance || Bhavai || Drum Dance || Kathak || Kathputli || Sapera Dance || Terah Tali

Shopping
Antiques || Blue Pottery || Durrie || Carpets || Fabrics || Furniture and Wood || Gesso Work || Jewellery and Gemstones || Kundan Meenakari || Leather Ware || Metal Crafts || Paintings || Puppets || Stone Carving || Terracotta

Maps
Road Map || Travel Map || Location Map

 

Travel consultancy for your Travel in Rajasthan..........

Rajasthan’s Cultural Heritage
The literal meaning of the word ‘Rajasthan’ or ‘Rajisthan’ is ‘Rajdhani’ i.e. the capital. It was in 1829 that Col. James Tod in his monumental work The Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan first extended the denotation of the term to include the entire state. Before independence, Rajasthan comprised twenty-one principalities and two self governing feudal houses with Ajmer-Merwara – a British domain situated in the Center. Among the twenty-one States were Udaipur, Dungarpur, Banswara, Pratapgarh, Shahpura, Bundi, Kota, Sirohi, Karoli, Jaisalmer, Jaipur, Alwar, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Kishangarh, Jhalawar, Datan, Bharatpur, Dholpur, Tonk and Palanpur. The feudal houses were Kushalgarh and Lava, of these, Datan and Palanpur were amalgamated in Gujarat while the rest formed the modern state of Rajasthan.

The geographical features of the state have affected the people making tem not only hardy but also tenacious and chivalrous. Rajasthan is the land of warriors and heroes, saints and holy men patriots and martyrs. It was only with the amalgamation of the states in 1947 the note was taken of the arts and crafts that had been nurtured under the patronage of the princes and feudal lords. These, it was realized, were specimens of a distinctive culture. Modern Rajasthan cherishes these rich traditions that are still alive in the works of art and literature.


Architecture

It is apparent from the archaeological remains at Kalibanga, Ganeshwar, Ahar, Noha, etc., that planned lay-out of towns and construction of buildings had started from the time of the Indus Valley Civilization (in nearly 3,000 B.C.). Architectural ruins of the Epic age and the subsequent Maurya, Gupta and Rapt eras are found scattered in many places. It is remarkable that from the 12th century works on architecture came to be written. Among these is the renowned Apraitoricha. Architecture further gained in originality and beauty through the renowned architect, Shilpi Mandan, who wrote extensively about this sphere of art in his works, Prasad Mandan, Rajvallabh, Debmurti Prakran and Vastu Mandan. The tradition was carried on by his brother Natha who wrote Vastu Manjiri and by his son, Govind, the writer of Kala Niddhi and Dwar Dipika.

Forts and Palaces
The forts of Rajasthan are amongst the foremost in the country, incorporating the special features elaborated in ancient texts on construction of forts. Thus there are the ‘Kavsees’ and ‘Jeev rakha’ that have the advantages of both sentinel towers or bases and embrasures. Noteworthy among the rock fortresses, ‘Giri Durg’ of Rajasthan is Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambore, Siwana, Jalore, Mehrangarh (Jodhpur), Taragarh, Aamer, Rajgarh, Dausa and Kuchaman. Outstanding among the ‘Jal Durgs’ (i.e. forts erected in water) is Gagron fort near Jhalawar, built on the confluence of the rivers Ahu and Kali Singh. Besides these, there are some well-known forts constructed in level plains, like the forts of Jaisalmer, Junagarh (Bikaner), Nagaur and Chomu. It is not only the architecture beauty, the imposing structure and reputed invincibility of the forts, but also the legends of chivalry associated with them that attract the tourist.

Fergusson, a lover of art, marveled at the beauty of the many palaces of Rajasthan. While the palaces built by the Rajputs have small rooms and a simple design, the influence of Mughal art and architecture led to the construction of richly decorated large edifices, with Diwan-i-aam, jharokas (decorative windows) and gardens with fountains and ponds. With the advent of the British, palaces that were built within the ramparts of the fort came out of this enclosure. While almost every palace has its own unique beauty, there are some that stand out for the enduring beauty of their murals, frescoes, fine stone carvings and their ornamentation.

The ‘havelis’ (mansions) at Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Karoli, Bharatpur, Kota, Ramgarh, Navalgarh, Fatehpur, Mukundgarh, Mandawa, Pilani, Sardarsahar, Ratangarh, etc. are examples of architectural excellence. While some are admirable for the exquisite stone latticework, others are of interest for their murals or the harmony of design.

Temples
Rajasthan shares the composite culture of ancient India. Both near the Chittor and at Bairath near Jaipur there are ruins of the Buddhist period. And it was here again that the temple of Vishnu was built when the country came under the sway of the Vaishnav cult. Even in its ruins that stand today, on the banks of the river Bedach, can be seen that wonder which was the first Vaishnav temple of India.

Rajasthan nurtured almost all the leading religions of India. Here were established large center of Buddhism, Jainsm, Vaishnavism and Shaivism. And while these have disappeared without a trace in other states, Rajasthan has preserved the legacy of these artistic creations that are an expression of the faith of the devotees of various religions. And therefore, several temples built from the Gupta age to the 19th century can be found here today.
One of the earliest temples on which the date of its construction is inscribed is the temple of Sheetleshwar Mahadeo at Jhalarapatan. The major part of the temple was constructed in 689 A.D. from the 8th to the 10th century, temples in the Gurjar – Pratihara style were built at Lamba, Buchkala, Mandore, Abhaneri, etc. The Sachiyaya Mata temple at Osian is an excellent example of this style of architecture. Subsequently, the Chouhans built magnificent temples at Kaikeend, Harshnath, Nadol etc. In the south-eastern region, the temples at Badol, Ramgarh, Menal and Kansua need special mention.

In Rajasthan there are numerous Jain temples. Among the principal ones are Mahavir Mandir at Ghanerao, Parshavanath Mandir at Sadri, Navlakha Mandir at Pali and Adinath Mandir at Narlai. Others are found at Nadola, Abu and Ranakpur. The Adinath temple at Dilwara built in 1031 A.D. by Vimal Shah is considered unparalleled for its ornate pillars, finely carved marble roof and the lincaments and forms of the statues ingeniously chiseled to express a wide range of emotions. It has, therefore, been considered an exquisite architectural achievement. Challenging comparison is the Jain temple at Ranakpur which is called by various names like Choumukha Mandir, Trailokya Deepak, Chaturbhuj Vihar, etc. It is said that the piety of Rajasthan may be seen enshrined in stone in the Surya Mandir of this temple.

Sculpture
The tradition in the art of sculpture in Rajasthan can be traced back to the Kalibanga civilization that flourished 4000 years ago. Many earthern statues were discovered in kalibanga, Ahad and Gilund. From time to time there are several other statues, (eastern, stone and metal) of ancient times, that have been excavated in different parts of Rajasthan. Most of these relate to the Puranic or Jain religions. One of these is the beautiful forty – two inch statue of Yaksh of the pre-Gupta era. Equally significant are the finds in Raid, Bairath and Nagar.
One of the marvels of ancient sculpture is the statue of Mahishasurmardini. The statues of the pre-Gupta era are either in the Gandhara or the Mathura style. But there are also those of the Gupta period that have been found in excavations at Mukundara, Krishnavilas, Bhinmala, Mandore and Pali. The Vishnu, Krishna and Balarama pieces at Kama and the Goverdhandhari Krishna at Mandore are considered invaluable pieces of art. Also inimitable are the Shiv-Parvati at Rang Mahal, Sambhar, the Shiva statues at Kalyanpur and the Durga at Naliyasara. This art developed finesse after the Gupta period. The statues at Bharatpur, Karoli, Mainala, Dabok and Dholpur being expressions of varied emotions and states of mind, the rasas. The statues at Kiradu have been widely appreciated for the portrayal of ‘Sringar’ (adornment), and love and for their ornamentation. The statues are embodiments not only of beauty of form but also of spirit. These in the temple of Dilwara at Abu and also the ones at Jodhpur, Lordrava and Jaisalmer have been highly commended for their exquisite craftsmanship.

The advent of the Vallabh community in Rajasthan gave a new direction to sculpture. Amongst the creations that show their influence are Srinathji (Natdwara), Dwarkadeeshji (Kankroli), Mathureshji (Kota), Govindadevji (Jaipur), Ratnabihariji and Dauji (Bikaner) etc. A distinctive feature of the culture of Rajasthan is that its legacy in sculpture is a composite of various religions : Buddhism, Jainsm, Shaivism and the Vaishnav.

It is sculpture of a very high caliber like Sri Maliram Gulabchand, T.P. Misra, Gopichand Misra, Ramratan Mishra, Rajendra Misra, Mukutbihari Natta, Omprakash Natta, Anandilal Verma, Ayyaz Mohd., Gangaram, Usha Rani Hooja, Haridutt Gupta, Devi Singh Rathore to whom Rajasthan owes its place of pride in the field of this art.

Fourteen miles to the north of Udaipur, on the road to Nathdwara stands the temple of Lord Sri Eklingji built by Bappa Raval. It has stood through the centuries in its beauty and splendid isolation a witness to momentous historical events.

Painting
Art critics like Anand Coomaraswamy, Percy Brown and N.C. Mehta have considered Rajasthan’s contribution in the sphere of painting as significant. The earliest specimens of paintings in this states are found in the caves of the Chambal Valley, and the excavations/ruins of Kalibanga and Ahad. These include lines deciphered on pots, utensils and seals. Complete pictures and paintings are no longer in existence as, compared to other forms of ornamentation these perish faster with the passage of times.
There are, however other sources that help to trace the progress of this art. The Buddhist Lama, Taranath in ‘Buddha Dharma’ indicates that there were accomplished painters in this desert region. The art of painting had developed in Gujarat and this arid land ‘the Maru Desh’ prior to the 13th century. An evidence of this is the exposition of the ‘Kalpsutra’ style in the Jain literature of the time.

Different styles of painting developed under the patronage of the rulers in the princely states of Rajasthan. Noteworthy among these are the styles of painting evolved in Jodhpur, Bikaner, Alwar, Jaipur, Kishangarh, Mewar and Bundi. The styles are identified by the difference in the use of color and border, portrayal of birds and animals, the human form and features, the shape of the eyes and ornaments. For instance, in the paintings of Jodhpur and Bikaner, the predominant color is a bright yellow, in Jaipur green, in Udaipur red, which in Kishangarh, bright saffron in Bundi and bright green in Alwar. For the scenic setting, the Jodhpur and Bikaner artists chose a mango tree, the crow the kite and the camel, Jaipur and Alwar a peepul trees and the peacock, Kota and Bundi, a palm tree, the deer and the lion. The smooth flowing lines of the eye in Jodhpur paintings give it an almond like shape, in Jaipur it is elongated like a fish, in Udaipur large and liquid like the eye of a deer, arched like the bow in Kishangarh, like a mango leaf in Bundi and like the little khanjan bird in the Bikaner style of painting.

Initially, the influence of the Ajanta style is noticeable in the paintings but after the 17th century the influence of the Mughal style is evident. Later there was an admixture of the Punjabi style and when, subsequently, the Rapt rulers joined forces with the Mughals in their military expeditions to southern India, the influence of the South too crept in. the styles in Rajasthan undoubtedly had some basic similarities. Originally, the Mewar painters drew a round face with a pointed nose and ‘deer eyes’ or ‘meenadkshi – like eyes’. The Marwar School while retaining these facial features gave the forms vestments and ornaments in the Mughal style. Both in Nathdwara and Bundi, the facial features and forms were drawn in the Mewar style, with Bundi painters giving the background of mountains, streams and trees.

The exquisite Kishangarh paintings have a clearly distinguishable style. The art developed in the time of Samand Singh who was also known as Nagridas. Nagridas was greatly influenced by the Vaishnav sect and the women popularly known by the name ‘Banithani’. Nagridas and Ban thani were painted together like Radha Krishna. But it is ‘Nihal Chand’s potrait of Bani thani that is generally considered to be a masterpiece of Rajastani painting. In the opinion of connoisseurs of art if stands comparison with the world famous Mona Lisa.

Along with divergences, and touches of originality and paintings in Rajasthan share certain common features. These are the use of bright colors and the choice of themes like the Ragas, the seasons and scenes from the Bhagwat Gita, the Ramayana and the Geet Govinda. All the styles initially were influenced by the Ajanta paintings and later by Mughal ones.

The art has been modernized through the efforts and creations of artists like Master Kundan Lal Mistry, Muller (a German artist), Bhattu Lal, Bhoor Singh Shekhawat, Nandlal Verma, Shivnarain ‘Chaugan’, Ramgopal Vijayvargeya, Devakinandan Sharma, Vishnudutt Sharma, Gopal Ghosh, Dwarka Prasad Sharma, Sakhalkar, Parmanand Choyal, V.C. Girl, Jyoti Swaroop Mohan Verma, Premcand Goswami, Vidhya Sagar Upadhyaya, Sumahendra, Radhavallab Suresh Sharma, Shail Choyal and others.

Music
In his famous work the History of Persia Malcolm the well known historian recounts that in the 5th century the Emperor Bahram Ghor of Iran attacked India and carried away with him twelve thousand musicians. He further notes that it could only have been Rajasthan and Gujarat that could have survived such devastation.

In Rajasthan, the royal houses accorded a place of honour to musicians. Rajasthan also has he distinction of having produced several treatises on music, e.g. Hamir’s ‘Shringarhaar’, Kumbha’s ‘Sangeetraj’. Pundrik Vithali ‘Raagmala’, Ustad Chand Khan’s ‘Swasagar’, Pandit Bhavbhatt’s ‘Murli Prakash’, Dwarka Prasad’s Bhatt’s ‘Raag Chandrika’, Radha Krishna’s ‘Raag Ratnakar’, Krishnanand Vyas ‘Raag Kallpadrum’.

In the temples of Nathdwara, Kankroli, Jaipur, Kota, etc. ‘haveli sangeet’ with all its traditional distinctive features is still alive. The couplets and verses of Mira, Daadu, Charandas and other poet devotees have been set to music in the different ragas. The contribution of Rajasthan singers in the ‘Dhrupad’ style cannot be ignored. Through the encouragement of the court musician Bahram Khan, the Daagar Gharana (school of music) in ‘Dhrupad Dhamas’ came into existence and flourished in the time of Maharaja Swai Man Singh. The famous singer of old, Manrang is considered to be the fonder of the Khayal style of the Jaipur gharana. The art prospered through the dedicated efforts and innovative variations of several gharanas of music like the Allahdiyan Khan gharana, Soniya gharana, Bikaner gharana, Agra gharana, Qawal Bachhon gharana and others. The melodious ‘Maand Raga’ is also a creation of Rajasthan. In our time, Allahjillai Bai of Bikaner and Gavri Devi of Jodhpur have each added the charm of a freshness and individuality in their exposition of monad.

In Rajasthan, Dholi, Mirasi, Langa, Dhadhi, Kalawant, Bhaat, Rao, Jogi, Kanad, Vairagi, Gandharva, Bhopa, Bhavai, Rana, Kalbelia, etc. are castes of professional musicians and singers.

Folk instruments devised on simple principles of sound reveal the ingenuity of the creators. The wide varieties of the instruments provide music suitable for all occasions and festivals.

The main folk instruments are Sarang, Jantar, Ravana – hatha, Ektara, Apang, Kamayacha, Bansuri, Algoja, Pungi, Shehnai, Satara, Mashq, Nad, Morchang, Tota, Bankiya, Shankh, Singi, Mridang, Dholak, Dhol, Nagada, Narpat, Maadal, Chang, Khanjari, Matka, Daph, Damru, Taasa, Manjira, Jhangh, Thali and Khartal.

 
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