Jodhpur: Introduction of Jodhpur, History of Jodhpur, Tourist Attractions in Jodhpur

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Jodhpur

Mehrangarh Fort

Umaid Bhawan Palace

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Introduction of Jodhpur

Jodhpur is the second largest city of Rajasthan and a major tourist attraction in Rajasthan. Jodhpur is situated on the edge of the Thar Desert at an altitude of 216 meters above sea level with Jaisalmer, Bikaner and Nagaur as the major adjoining cities. Jodhpur is famous for its magnificent forts and palaces. Earlier, Jodhpur was the capital of the princely state of Marwar (Land of death). Jodhpur is also known as the blue city as most of the houses of the old city are painted blue. This city is dominated by the massive Mehrangarh fort built on a rocky hill and colourful markets which specialize in antiques.

Jodhpur, Umaid Bhawan Palace

In summers the temperature in Jodhpur is about 40 degree Celsius and in winters it is around 11 degree Celsius. So the best time to visit Jodhpur is from November to March. Hindi, Rajasthani, Marwari and English are the common languages which are spoken here.

History of Jodhpur

Jodhpur was founded by the Rajput chief Rao Jodha in 1459. Earlier, Jodhpur was the capital of the princely state of Marwar (Land of death). The old city is surrounded by a huge 10 km long wall which has 101 bastions and seven gates. There are about 100 towers in the city, most of which are surrounded by defensive battlements. This area was won by his Rathore Rajput clan in 1211 who had moved there after their defeat at Kanauj by the Muslim invaders. Rao Jodha moved to the Jodhpur after the older capital of Mandore had been too vulnerable. Jodhpur lies on the once strategic Delhi-Gujarat trading route and the Marwaris got benefit from the passing traffic of opium, copper, silk which was traded to China. The marwaris provided the essential economic base for the military power of the state.

Tourist Attractions in Jodhpur

The main tourist attractions in Jodhpur are the Mehrangarh Fort, Clock tower and Jaswant Thada. Mehrangarh Fort is built on a steep hill and is among the best in India with exquisitely latticed windows in residential apartments within. Jaswant Thada is a royal cenotaph built in white marble.

Shopping in Jodhpur
Jodhpur is famous for its bazaars which sell tie-and-eye fabrics and garments, linen and mirror work, embroidery, zink water bottles, ivory curios, carved wooden handicrafts and embroidered footwear.

How to reach Jodhpur

By Air:
Indian Airlines and as well as other airlines operates flights between Jodhpur and other cities of India including Rajasthan.

By Rail:
There are direct rail connections between Jodhpur and other important cities of the country.


By Road:
A good network of roads joins Jodhpur with many destinations in and around Rajasthan.

To know the distances from Jodhpur click here.



 

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