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Information about Allahabad

Allahabad is situated about 137 kms west of Varanasi at an altitude of 98 meters above sea level. Allahabad was known as Prayag and renamed as Allahabad by Akbar in 1583. Allahabad is a quiet and peaceful city and the site of Allahabad University, one of the great Universities of India. This university was built on the site of an ancient Ashram where sage Bhardwaj taught 10,000 students. This city is very sacred to the Hindus and is situated at the junction of the Ganga and the Yamuna rivers and the mythical underground Saraswati river. Various devotees have a bath at the ‘Sagam’ which is situated at the confluence of the Ganga, Yamuna amd Saraswati river. Every year, thousands of people gather here for the pilgrimage. But, during the Kumbh Fair, about millions of people gather here and have a sacred bath at the Sangam. Today, Allahabad is a rapidly growing commercial and administrative city. The best season to visit Allahabad is from October to March.

History of Allahabad

Hiuen Tsang, the Chinese traveler visited Prayag in 643 AD. The Muslims first conquered Prayag in 1194 and was renamed as Allahabad by Akbar in 1583. After conquering Prayag, Akbar built a fort which stands majestically at the confluence on the Yamuna side. Khusrau, Jahangir’s eldest son, was also buried in the city. The Marathas took the town in 1739 but held it only until 1750 when it was sacked by the Pathans. Later, it was the headquarters of the British Government of the North-west provinces and Oudh and here the transfer of government from the East India Company to the crown was announced by Lord Canning in 1885 with one of its founders, Allan Octavian Hulme. The great Indian patriot, Motilal Nehru, father of Pandit Jawahar Nehru also lived in this city. Various excavations were also done in the city. Draupadi Ghat has revealed signs of extensive habitation and considerable quantities of Northern Black Pottery Ware of the type found across northern India to Taxila and beyond. It has been dated from between 1100 and 800 B.C. Two other sites in the city have revealed similar types of findings. On the present site of the Bharadwaj ashram, the remains of the Kushan period have also been found.

Festivals in Allahabad

The Magh Mela is celebrated every year for 15 days in the moth of january in Allahabad and bathing in the river during this fair is considered very auspicious. The Kumbh Mela is the most important fair which is celebrated in Allahabad and moves every 3 years from Allahabad, to Haridwar, Ujjain and Nasik, returning Allahabad every twelth year. This fair was described by the Eric Newby as the greatest assemblage of people gathered together in a confined space for a single purpose anywhere on earth. The story behind the Kumbh Mela is that the Hindu gods and demons vied for the pot or kumbha that held the nectar of immortality or amrit. During the flight for possession, which lasted 12 days, Vishnu was running with the pot and four drops of amrit fell to earth, making four sacred places like Allahabad, Ujjain, Nasik and Haridwar. 

Tourist Attractions in Allahabad

There are various temples and some monuments belonging to the Muslim period in Allahabad like Akbar's Fort and Khusrau Bagh. There are also some buildings which belongs to the British period like the Alfred Park, Muir College or Allahabad University, St. Joseph’s Roman Catholic Cathedral, the Holy Trinity Church, High Court and Minto Park. Sangam is the another famous attraction in Allahabad.

Akbar's Fort
The Akbar's fort was built by Akbar in 1584 which stands majestically at the confluence on the Yamuna river. It was the largest of his forts and has three massive gateways and 7 meters high brick walls. This fort is most impressive when you view it from the river. Most of the fort is not accessible to tourists and has an Ashoka Pillar and the Zenana Palace. The Ashoka Pillar was re-erected in the Akbar’s Fort on the order of Akbar and belongs to 232 BC. It was found lying on the ground of the fort in 1837 and was set up at the present site. The Ashoka’s inscriptions are inscribed on its polished 10.6 meters high sandstone shaft. Some inscriptions were later added by Emperor Samudragupta (A.D. 326-375). This is the only historical record of the great monarch’s life. Later, Mughal Emperor Jahangir added his own inscription on the pillar. A small door in the east wall of the fort, near the river, leads to the undying banyan tree which is believed to have existed for thousands of years. 

Akbar Fort, Allahabad
Khusrau Bagh, Allahabad

Khusrau Bagh
The Khusrau Bagh contains the tomb of Prince Khusro, who was was murdered in 1615 by his own brother as he rebelled against his own father Jahangir. After staging an unsuccessful rebellion gainst his father Jahangir in 1607, Khusro spent the next year in chains. Two of his closest associates were less fortunate. They were sewn into the skins of a freshly slaughtered ox and ass, mounted the wrong way round on donkeys and paraded through the streets of Lahore. The hot sun dried the skins and one died from suffocation. Khusro was also forced to ride an elephant down a street lined with the heads of his supporters. When freed, Khusro underterred encouraged a plot to assassinate his father but was discovered. Khusrau was blinded, though he did regain partial sight and spent the rest of his life as a captive. Later, he

was murdered by his own brother in 1615. The garden is a typical Mughal garden enclosure, entered through a 18 m high archway and houses the large, handsome tomb of Khusro. The burial chamber is undergrouond and the decoration is plasterwork painted with birds, flowers and Persian inscription. The tombs of his Rajput mother and sisters are located near by. 

Sangam is situated at the confluence of the Ganga, Yamuna and the mythical underground Saraswati river. The sangam is a narrow spit of land where the rivers gently mingle and is quite shallow and muddy. At any time of day or year you will find here people bathing. Every year, thousands of people gather here for the pilgrimage and to have the sacred bath in its waters. But, during the Kumbh Mela, about millions of people gather here to have the sacred bath at the Sangam.

Anand Bhawan
Anand Bhawan is the place where the Nehru family lived

Sangam, Allahabad

and is now converted into a national monument. This home was given to the state by Indira Gandhi in 1970. This house contains many items belonging to the Motilal Nehru, the father of Jawaharlal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Sanjay Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi. 


Kausambi is situated on NH2, about 45 kms. from Allahabad. The enormous ruins of Kausambi are spread through several villages. Kosam-Inam and Kosam-khiraj are the villages that carries names that still suggest their links with the ruins of the city of Kausam. According to the epics, Kausam was founded by a descendant of the Pandavas who left hastinapur when it was destroyed by the Udayana. It is also one of the earliest Historical cities of the region. According to Hiuen Tsang, the Buddha preached here and in commemoration of the event, there are two monasteries. Some excavations were also made here. Many coins and terracottas discovered here are now displayed in the Allahabad City museum and Kausambi Museum at the Allahabad University.

How to get here

By Air: 
Allahabad is directly connected by Indian Airlines flights with Delhi, Patna, Gorakhpur, Lucknow and Varanasi. Bamrauli airport is about 10 km from the city center.

By Rail:
Allahabad is situated on the main broad gauge route from Delhi to Kolkata. It is also linked to other cities by broad and metre gauge lines like Agra, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Jhansi, Kanpur, Varanasi and Lucknow.

By Road:
Allahabad is located on the NH27 to Mangawan and NH2 from Delhi to Kolkata. It is also located near NH7 which runs from Varanasi to Kanyakumari. It is also connected with all major cities like Lucknow, Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna, Nagpur, Agra, Jhansi, Bhopal and Delhi.


States in North India
Delhi || Jammu & Kashmir || Haryana & Punjab || Himachal Pradesh || Madhya Pradesh || Rajasthan || Uttar Pradesh || Uttaranchal

Information about Uttar Pradesh
Introduction || History || Geography || Climate || Economy || People || Languages || Culture || Art & Craft || Festivals || Cuisine || Tourist Attractions || Wildlife Sanctuaries

Cities in Uttar Pradesh
Agra || Allahabad || Ayodhya || Jhansi || Kanpur || Kushinagar || Lucknow || Mathura || Varanasi

Distances from Cities in Uttar Pradesh
Agra || Aligarh || Allahabad || Bareilly || Ghaziabad || Gorakhpur || Kanpur || Lucknow || Meerut || Moradabad || Shahjahanpur || Varanasi

Festivals of Uttar Pradesh
Magh Mela || Yoga Week || Jhansi Mahotsav || Taj Mahotsav || Holi || Kumbh Mela || Rama Navami || Ganga Dussehra || Mango Festival || Moharram || Janmashtami || Ganga Mahotsav || Diwali

Tourist Attractions in Uttar Pradesh
Agra Fort || Fatehpur Sikri || Itmad-ud-Daula || Kashi Vishwanath Temple || Sarnath || Sikandra || Taj Mahal || Varanasi Ghat

Wildlife Sanctuaries of Uttar Pradesh
Dudhwa National Park || Kukrail Reserve Forest || Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary || Chandraprabha Wildlife Sanctuary || Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary
|| Kaimoor Wildlife Sanctuary || National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary

Frequent group departures...
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